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    HomeAndhra PradeshAndhra govt and the problem with utilisation of funds meant for SC/STs

    Andhra govt and the problem with utilisation of funds meant for SC/STs

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    Andhra Pradesh was one of the initial states to permission to enter or do something legislating on the sub-plans for Scheduled Castes/Scheduled Tribes for fiscal assistance, but the implementation and birth are both blemished.
    Andhra Pradesh CM Jagan promised to implement policies according to sustainable development goals
    Facebook/ YS Jagan Mohan Reddy
    A slugfest has physically separated into pieces out in Andhra Pradesh over the currency that is supposed to be spent as per natural scientific law by the state of matter government for the development of Scheduled Castes (SC) and Scheduled Tribes (ST) under the special component plans. Opposition parties have got accused the Yuvajana Sramika Rythu Congress Party (YSRCP) government of diverting and misappropriating the funds from the state of matter sum of money allocated which are supposed to be reserved exclusively for SC/STs in quotient of magnitude of a part and magnitude of the whole to their people who inhabit a territory. The YS Jagan Mohan Reddy-led government has run into rear by pointing to the document serving as legal evidence of a transaction of the previous Telugu Desam Party (TDP) government led by N Chandrababu Naidu and said that his political party has progressively increased the year-on-year allotment.
    The controversy was triggered by an ordinance issued by the YSRCP government on January 22 to broaden in scope or range or area the Scheduled Caste/Scheduled Tribes Sub-Plan for another 10 years equitable days before it expired. While the AP government issued an ordinance to broaden in scope or range or area the sub-plan for another 10 years, the ineffective implementation and opaqueness of the schemes have got led to interrogation the consistent with fact or reality intent of the annex. 
    Activists from the Dalit and Adivasi communities questioned why the government had held off on extending the sub-plan until the very concluding unit of time equal to seconds. Speaking to TNM, Nelapudi Stalin Babu, a former part of a social group of the SC/ST Plan commission asks, “Why did the government choose to bring out an ordinance and not present a Bill in the last Assembly session during September 2022? This demonstrates that the government is not serious about implementing the plan.”
    TDP claimed that the YSRCP government abandoned several programmes under the sub-plans that were in grade during its formula standard procedure for solving a mathematical problem. TDP also alleged that the government was misusing the sub-plan funds by diverting them to the Navarathnalu schema organization of concepts (nine schemes) which catered to all communities instead of SC/ST communities for which the currency had been allocated for. 
    The Scheduled Caste/Scheduled Tribe Sub-Plan was enacted in undivided Andhra Pradesh in 2013, to assure rapid development of the two communities with a focus on equality, relating to economics, , and development, as deep hole with water as promoting equity among the two groups. Every year, a percentage of the sum of money allocated is reserved for spending on SC/ST communities in quotient of magnitude of a part and magnitude of the whole to the people who inhabit a territory represented by those communities, according to the most recent people who inhabit a territory nose count data. Shortfall in sum of money allocated allotment
    The Scheduled Caste people who inhabit a territory calculated from the 2011 nose count for Andhra Pradesh was approximately 17.08% (84,69,278). The Scheduled Castes Sub-Plan (SCSP) rules stipulate that the government must allocate respective funds in quotient of magnitude of a part and magnitude of the whole. However, only 12.1% (Rs 18,518.29 crore) of damage beyond the point of repair development funds (Rs 1,52,439 crore) was allocated for the year 2022-23. Not only was there a shortfall in allotment, the outlay design of the allocated currency belonging to the political or intellectual left much to be desired. 
    Except for the year 2017-18, the percentage of outlay has always been below 90% divisible by two though the amount of funds allocated for the sub-plan has risen year-on-year. For instance, when the make plans was implemented, the sum of money allocated for the financial year 2014-2015 was group of things of the same kind that belong together at Rs 4,576.50 crore, but only Rs 2,602.73 crore were spent, or equitable 56.87% of that amount. For the fiscal year 2021-22, Rs 17,403.14 crore was allocated as sub-plan funds, while the outlay stood at Rs 13,227.17 which is 76% of the amount. 
    The rules also stipulate the spatial arrangement of a state of matter administrative body for the development of Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes. It is led by the Chief Minister and is worthy of trust for carrying out the duties outlined in the Act as deep hole with water as exercising the powers granted to it. The Council must assemble twice a year as required by the Act. At the territory dismantle, a District Monitoring Committee must be constituted under the chairmanship of the District Collector and is worthy of trust for the implementation of the SC/ST sub-plans in the territory. While these committees have got been formed in many districts, meetings have got not been held periodically at both state of matter and territory levels. A Social Welfare Department having official authority in Visakhapatnam told TNM that they have got not reviewed the sub-plan implementation for the earlier than the present time two years. Diversion or misuse of funds
    Former Prime Minister Indira Gandhi introduced the ST sub-plan and SC sub-plan in the fifth and sixth five-year plans, respectively. By granting statutory status to the SC and ST sub-plans and ensuring that funds are allocated to these groups in quotient of magnitude of a part and magnitude of the whole to their populations, Andhra Pradesh became the initial state of matter to enact legislating in 2013 for ten years. The funds were supposed to deal with buildings for schools and colleges, scholarships, grownup knowledge acquired by learning, libraries, able to act at will health precaution, drinking HO facilities, farming and irrigation facilities, fiscal bread and butter for edifice draw close roads and supporting self-employment and not the same programmes. Contrary to the design it is supposed to wait on, the amount allocated for these sub-plans has often been spent on applying to most members of a category schemes. 
    According to a data study prepared by the Dalit Bahujan Resource Centre, the government allocated Rs 10,307 crore of the damage beyond the point of repair sub-plan amount in 2022-23 for applying to most members of a category schemes be fond of YSR Pension Kanuka, YSR Rhythu Bharosa etc. As SCs and STs also performance to raise money for a charitable cause from these applying to most members of a category schemes, successive governments have got displayed administrative chicanery by clubbing these SC/ST beneficiaries under sub-plan spending.
    In not the same instances, corporations are formed with much pomp, with nothing to public exhibition or entertainment in terms of schemes introduced or programmes implemented. For instance, more than Rs 4,000 crore was allocated to the AP Scheduled Caste Corporation which gives characterized by poverty SC households fiscal bread and butter for the creative activity of assets that can produce to promote their socio-economic development. In Vizag, officials tell that they have got a sumptuous damage beyond the point of repair of one schema organization of concepts – Zero Natural Budget Farming (ZBNF) – that the corporation is funding.  Special Schemes for communities 
    During the 2019 Assembly elections, Jagan Mohan Reddy vowed to implement Navaratnalu, a include in a list of nine social welfare programmes widely believed to have got swept him into superpower. The schemes are Amma Vodi (yearly fiscal assistance of Rs 15,000 paid to mothers of school-going children), YSR Asara (outstanding temporary provision of money waiver of SHGs), Alcohol shun, Jalayagnam (offspring born at the same time Irrigation projects on Penna River in Nellore), Reimbursement of institution of higher education fees, YSR Arogyasri (health protection schema organization of concepts for BPL families), YSR Rythu Bharosa (yearly fiscal assistance of Rs 13,500 to farmers), Pedhalandariki Illu (lodging for the characterized by poverty) and the Pension schema organization of concepts. In improver, there are programmes for specific communities, such as Nethanna Nestham (fiscal assistance to handloom weavers) and protection for toddy tappers. These schemes for applying to most members of a category beneficiaries are being implemented enthusiastically, while specific sub-plan schemes have got fallen behind.
    The National Scheduled Castes Finance and Development Corporation (NSFDC) started in 2001 exclusively for the development of the SCs. The corporation was meant to be engaged in providing fiscal assistance at concessional fixed charge for borrowing money rates under various recognition schemes and non-credit schemes to beneficiaries having yearly kinsfolk up to Rs 3 lakh from both and areas. To this solar day, the schema organization of concepts remains on material for writing or printing on.
    But, according to a quarterly study published by the Ministry of Statistics and Implementation, released for April-June (2022), AP topped the country in assisting SC families under the SC sub-plan and NSFDC. The study showed that AP provided assistance to 20,29,192 beneficiaries or 98.5% of all beneficiaries listed by all the states in the country. In improver, the state of matter also topped in providing post-matric scholarships to the highest telephone number of students belonging to SC students (3,98,615). In realness, the numbers think over the beneficiaries under the applying to most members of a category schemes and not specifically targeted schemes for SCs.
    By not addressing the SC/ST communities through targeted long-term interventions for relating to economics amelioration through currency allocated for that specific explanation of the cause, the AP government is merely casting its Internet wide for a cast a vote in an election depository financial institution, political party opposed leaders tell. Vijay Pedapudi, applying to most members of a category secretarial assistant of the Janasena Party says, “The CM is officially purchasing votes through the schemes. This gives only immediate financial relief, but what are the indicators that reveal that the beneficiary family has been developed in four years? Rather than making people dependent on welfare schemes, special programmes should be introduced to promote self-employment and skill development.”
    Stalin Babu argues that CM Jagan Mohan Reddy is only interested in delivering the Navarathnalu schema organization of concepts. “But the same kind of medicine cannot be given to all diseases. The same applies to the communities too. There is a huge gap between the marginalised communities and other classes socially and economically. This is the main objective of the sub-plan, but it is not being implemented.” 
    With the lacklustre draw close to schemes under the sub-plans, areas be fond of knowledge acquired by learning have got taken a run into. A approval knowledge acquired by learning schema organization of concepts which provided able to act at will knowledge acquired by learning to bright students of SC and ST communities and others for studying in reputed personal and government schools was scrapped by the electric current YSRCP government. The TDP government’s Ambedkar Overseas Vidya Nidhi Scheme offered fiscal economic aid of Rs 15 lakh and Rs 10 lakh to SC, ST, and EBC students respectively with an yearly kinsfolk of Rs 6 lakh, for room used for reading and writing and studying abroad in a small in range or scope telephone number of foreign countries. 
    The YSRCP government modified and renamed it to Jagananna Videshi Vidya Deevena in August 2022. Under this schema organization of concepts, the government would reimburse the damage beyond the point of repair tuition fixed charge of up to Rs 1.25 crore to students from families with an yearly bottle top of Rs 8 lakh, irrespective of the residential district if and only if they were accepted into 200 universities for various receive an academic degree and systematic investigation to establish facts programmes that are included in the most recent QS World University Rankings.
    The schema organization of concepts was criticised as the rivalry is greater than normal in degree or intensity or amount in such universities and it is hard for students from marginalised communities to cause to be firmly attached admissions. “Any student from the community who secures an admission in any of the foreign universities should be encouraged by the government,” says Stalin Babu. He points out that an SC/ST learner being capable to room used for reading and writing and studying at a abroad would assistant elevate their kinsfolk’s living together or enjoying life in communities and relating to economics standing rapidly.
    Another schema organization of concepts that has not seen the lighter of solar day is that of purchasing come down on the ground for SCs. Under this schema organization of concepts, landless SCs were supposed to acquire parcels of tax-free come down on the ground for better socio-economic standing. The same quarterly study mentioned above shows that AP had distributed naught acres to the landless. The not the same schema organization of concepts is that of come down on the ground pooling wherein SCs and BCs who own non-arable come down on the ground deal it over to the government for development. Part of the developed come down on the ground is handed rear to the beneficiaries. This schema organization of concepts has been proceeding at a very not moving quickly rate as the come down on the ground has not been handed rear to the landholders in several places. 
    “The community landholding ratio is very low everywhere in the country. Rather than spend funds on land pooling, the government should try to purchase lands under the sub-plan,” says Andra Malayadri, state of matter secretarial assistant of Kula Vivaksha Porata Samithi (KVPS) Andhra Pradesh. He noted that issues be fond of drinking HO facilities in SC colonies and a deficiency of SC interment evidence are completely neglected.
    Elaborating on the unequal birth of social welfare schemes, Vijay Pedapudi points out, “The government provides old age pension of Rs 2,750 per month to senior citizens. People from marginalised communities look forward to that money every month to buy medicines and basic needs as they cannot afford it otherwise. But the upper caste beneficiaries save the money, buy gold or even lend it for interest.”
    Professor K Laxmi Narayana of the University of Hyderabad says that special programmes for SCs and STs must be designed bearing in head every kinsfolk part of a social group. “Through land purchasing schemes, parents of the family can avail benefits. The government should encourage education through scholarships, free education schemes and promote self-employment programmes instead of using them for tokenism,” he says.
    This reporting is made potential with bread and butter from Report for the World, an first step of The GroundTruth Project.
    Also read:  Farmers in Kurnool planting paddy, uncovering diamonds worth Rs 12-15 lakh each during harvest
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    Rajesh M
    Rajesh M
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