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    “A Path to Sustainable Energy and Universal Access: India’s Transformation in the Power Sector”

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    India has made great strides in its power sector over the past nine years, aiming to provide reliable, affordable, and sustainable energy to its people. This has included enhancing power generation capacity, expanding access to electricity, promoting renewable energy, and implementing innovative policies.

    India has added over 175 GW of generation capacity in the past nine years, transitioning from a power deficit to a power surplus nation. The country’s commitment to renewable energy sources has played a major role in this achievement. Solar and wind energy capacity have grown significantly, making India a global leader in renewable energy adoption. India now stands fourth globally in Renewable Energy Installed Capacity, with 43% of its total installed electricity capacity coming from non-fossil energy sources.

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    India’s commitment to power generation and universal electrification has been a driving force behind its transformation. The Pradhan Mantri Sahaj Bijli Har Ghar Yojana (SAUBHAGYA) initiative has achieved universal household electrification, covering every village and district in the country. This ambitious program has provided electricity connections to 2.86 crore unelectrified households since September 25, 2017, both in rural and urban areas.

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    To improve the quality and reliability of power supply in rural areas, Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Gram Jyoti Yojana (DDUGJY) was launched in 2014. The DDUGJY program achieved 100% village electrification on April 28, 2018, by electrifying 18,374 un-electrified villages, strengthening the distribution network and ensuring electricity reaches every corner of rural India.

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    The government’s efforts in promoting energy efficiency have also yielded remarkable results. Under the Unnat Jyoti by Affordable LEDs for All (UJALA) scheme, over 36.86 crore LED bulbs have been distributed at a significantly reduced price. This initiative not only brought down electricity costs for households but also encouraged domestic manufacturing of LED bulbs, supporting the “Make in India” campaign.

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    To enhance the efficiency of power distribution, the government has implemented initiatives like the Restructured Distribution Sector Scheme (RDSS). The RDSS has significantly reduced distribution losses of DISCOMs, from 21.5% in FY 2020-21 to 16.5% in FY 2021-22. These initiatives focus on reducing technical and commercial losses, improving metering and billing systems, and promoting energy efficiency.

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    Overall, India’s power sector transformation since 2014 is a remarkable story of progress and resilience. Achievements like universal electrification, rapid renewable energy expansion, improved distribution, and enhanced energy efficiency set an inspiring example for the world. The government’s commitment, coupled with stakeholder participation, has propelled the nation towards a future powered by sustainable, affordable, and reliable energy.

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